On Friday, 27th November, the trial began of Assadollah Assadi, a senior diplomat from the Iranian Embassy in Vienna and three other co-conspirators, on charges of terrorism. The trial continued on Thursday  3rd December and a verdict is due in late January. Assadi has refused to appear in the Antwerp court, claiming immunity as a diplomat. 

On 1st July, 2018, Assadi was arrested and charged with passing 550gms of TATP triacetone triperoxide high explosives to an Iranian/Belgian couple from Antwerp. Three days earlier, he had given the bomb to Amir Saadouni, 40, and his wife, Nasimeh Naami, 36, and instructed them to detonate it on Saturday 30th June 2018, at a major gathering of the National Council of Resistance of Iran, attended by tens of thousands of people at Villepinte near Paris. The rally was addressed by leading international politicians and senior government officials like Newt Gingrich, the Former US House of Representatives Speaker, Governor Bill Richardson, Stephen Harper - the former Prime Minister of Canada and Theresa Villiers MP, the former UK Cabinet minister. I was there myself, along with several other Scottish politicians who support the Iranian opposition.

The court heard four hours of damning evidence from the Belgian prosecutor detailing how the security services had received a tipoff from a foreign security agency alerting them that an attack was being planned. An intensive security operation was put in place and the suspects were closely monitored for months. On 28th June 2018, Assadollah Assadi was seen entering a Pizza Hut restaurant in Place d’Armes, Luxembourg, disguised as a tourist, wearing a casual shirt, a fedora hat and with a camera draped around his neck. He was filmed handing Saadouni and Naami a package containing the bomb, together with an envelope containing €22,000 (£20,000). 

For many years Saadouni and Naami had pretended to support the Iranian democratic opposition movement. Naami had entered Belgium in 2010, registered as an Iranian refugee. Between 2010 and her arrest in 2018, it was discovered that she had travelled to Iran thirteen times. It was also discovered that during the same period €106,496 (£96,000) had been deposited in her bank account and over €100,000 (£90,000) in her husband’s, which neither could explain. Clearly, Naami was a spy, working for the sinister Iranian Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS) and her frequent trips to Iran were for training purposes. 

The bomb plot was well prepared. Saadouni and Naami had both registered as employees for the Iranian opposition event in Villepinte and Assadi had instructed them to place the bomb inside the main hall, as near to the VIP area as possible, before detonating it from a safe distance, causing carnage. On 30th June 2018, the couple set out on the A12 highway to Villepinte near Paris in their dark blue Mercedes. They were tracked on their journey to Villepinte by agents from the Belgian Police who stopped and arrested them in Brussels. Bomb disposal experts discovered the primed bomb in a suitcase in the couple’s Mercedes, hidden in a toilet bag. The bomb exploded as attempts were made to defuse it, destroying a defusing robot and injuring a police officer who was standing more than 100 metres away.  

The next day, Sunday 1st July 2018, Assadollah Assadi was arrested by German security when he stopped at a motorway restaurant near Frankfurt. He was travelling back to Austria with his wife and two grown sons. His rented red Ford S-Max was found to contain a ‘treasure trove’ of evidence, including a notebook with instructions in Farsi (Persian) on how to prime and detonate the bomb. Police research revealed that in the months before the attack, Assadi had travelled frequently to Iran, including one week before the planned attack, to test and collect the device, concealing it in his diplomatic bag on his return to Europe, on a commercial flight to Austria. 

French security officers discovered that in 2017, Assadi had hired a French rental car and driven to the venue for the Iranian opposition rally at Villepinte, exploring the room where the annual meeting always takes place. In one of his emails to Nasimeh Naami he said: “I've been hunting those bastards of the Iranian opposition for thirty years.” A fourth Iranian/Belgian man, Mehrdad Arefani, was arrested in Paris. He had also posed as a supporter of the MEK and was present at the rally in Villepinte as a lookout. 

According to the Belgian state security service, Assadi is a MOIS agent, who posed as a diplomat as cover. The MOIS is on the EU and US terror lists. Jaak Raes, head of Belgium’s state security service, said: “The plan for the attack was conceived in the name of Iran and under its leadership. It was not a matter of Assadi’s personal initiative.” Assadi has refused to make a statement to the police, apart from threatening that if he is found guilty, armed groups in Iran, Syria, Yemen and Lebanon will retaliate. Lawyers representing the three co-conspirators told the court on Thursday that their clients accepted the damning evidence, but in mitigation stated that "the bomb was only 550gms and not very strong!" They said their clients insisted: "Assadi told us that it will not kill anyone and he only wanted to frighten the MEK!"

There is no doubt that orders for this terrorist attack came from the top in Tehran. It should serve as a warning to the West that this is a terrorist regime, whose embassies are used as bomb factories and terror cells. All of Iran’s embassies should be closed and their diplomats expelled, while sanctions against this pariah regime are re-doubled.